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中央财政累计投入1472亿元,覆盖29个省份1762个县 4000万农村娃吃上了营养餐

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2020-09-18  来源:人民日报  浏览次数:81757
内容摘要:制图:汪哲平2011年,国务院办公厅印发了《关于实施农村义务教育学生营养改善计划的意见》,决定从当年秋季学期起,启动实施农村

 

ZHITU:WANGZHEPING

2011年,国务院办公厅印发了《关于实施农村义务教育学生营养改善计划的意见》,决定从当年秋季学期起,启动实施农村义务教育学生营养改善计划。

GENJUZHEIXIANGJIHUA,XUEXIAOXUYAOWEIXUESHENGMENTIGONGWANZHENGDEWUCAN,WUFATIGONGWUCANDEXUEXIAOKEYIXUANZEJIACANHUOKEJIANCAN。GONGCANSHIPINTEBIESHIJIACANYINGYITIGONGROU、DAN、NAI、SHUCAI、SHUIGUODENGSHIWUWEIZHU。

10NIANLAI,ZHEIYIJIHUASHISHIDEXIAOGUORUHE,HAIYOUNAXIEFANGMIANYOUDAITISHENG?JIZHEJINXINGLECAIFANG。

JIUCANTIAOJIANBUDUANGAISHAN,XUESHENGTIZHIMINGXIANZENGQIANG

“每天中午都有三菜一汤,可开心啦!”和小伙伴们一起吃午餐,让贵州123彩票思南县塘头小学五年级(3)班汪钰康每天午休分外开心。过去,中午下课铃一响,许多孩子就赶忙往家跑,放下碗筷再往学校赶,有时家人顾不上做饭,只能在路边摊凑合吃。自从学校有了营养午餐,孩子们再也不用这么折腾。

ANXIANXINGZHENGCEGUIDING,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGWEIYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUASHIDIANDIQUDEXUESHENGTIGONGMEIRENMEITIAN4YUANDESHANSHIBUZHU。“YINGYANGGAISHANJIHUAJIYAOJINLIERWEI,YOUYAOLIANGLIERXING。”JIAOYUBUJIAOYUDUDAOJUYOUGUANFUZERENJIESHAO,ZHEIYIBUZHUBIAOZHUNZHUYAOJIYUNONGCUNJUMINNIANRENJUNSHIPINXIAOFEIZHICHUSHUIPING,ZUEYONGYUWEIXUESHENGTIGONGSHIPIN,SHITANGYUNZHUANJINGFEIHEGONGQINRENYUANGONGZIDENGYOUDIFANGCAIZHENGCHENGDAN。KAOLVDAONONGCUNDIQUWUJIASHUIPINGJIAODI,ZHEIYIANPAIJIBENNENGMANZUXUESHENGYONGCANXUQIU。MUQIAN,QUANGUOYOU29GESHENGFEN1762GEXIANSHISHILEYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUA,FUGAINONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANXUEXIAO14.57WANSUO,ZHANNONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANXUEXIAOZONGSHUDE84.12%;SHOUYIXUESHENGDA4060.82WANREN,ZHANNONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANXUESHENGZONGSHUDE42.4%。

“XUEXIAOANZHAOMEIRENMEITIAN4YUANDEBIAOZHUN,TIGONGSANCAIYITANG,DUNDUNYOUROU,YIGEXINGQIBUZHONGYANG。”GUIZHOUBIJIESHIQIXINGGUANQUZHUCHANGXIAOXUEXIAOZHANGWANGLONGJIESHAO,WEIZUOHAOYINGYANGDAPEI,GONGCAIQIYEZHUANMENPINQINGYINGYANGSHIZHIDINGCAIPU,YOUZHENJIAOYUGUANLIZHONGXINSHENHE。MEIGEYIDUANSHIJIAN,XUEXIAOHAIHUIJIEHEHAIZIMENDEYINSHIXIGUANDENG,XIANGGONGCANFANGFANKUI,JISHIYOUHUACAIPU。

为了让孩子吃得更安全、家长更放心,许多地方加大投入,改善农村学生就餐条件。在云南123彩票玉龙纳西族自治县,从2012年开始,县里为食堂条件滞后的学校采购保鲜柜,并逐步扩建学校食堂。玉龙县教体局局长杨晓泉介绍,目前,全县110所义务教育阶段学校中,有92所实现了食堂供餐,其余18所还不具备食堂供餐条件的学校,企业每天按菜谱配送营养午餐。

123彩票ZHONGXIAOXUESHENGSHIQISHIHAIZIMENSHENGZHANGFAYUDEGUANJIANSHIQI,JUNHENGDESHANSHISHITAMENJIANKANGCHENGZHANGDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。SINANXIANTANGTOUXIAOXUEXIAOZHANGWUDAQUANGUANCHADAO,YINSHI、XIUXIHAOLE,HAIZIMENDETIZHIYEYOULEMINGXIANGAIBIAN,MEINIAN11YUEDOUYOUXIAOYUNHUI,ZHEILIANGNIANZHONGZHANGPAODEQUANXIAOJILUBUDUANTIGAO。

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“YINGYANGGAISHANJIHUAJIAGULESHEHUIGONGPINGDEDIXIAN。”ZHONGGUOJIAOYUKEXUEYANJIUYUANJIAOYUDUDAOPINGGUYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANG、YANJIUYUANRENCHUNRONGSHUO,NONGCUNJIAZHANGDADUOWUNONGHUOZAIWAIWUGONG,WANGWANGMEIYOUSHIJIANJIHAIZIZUOWUCAN,ZAIJIASHANGNONGCUNXUEXIAOBUJUDIAOZHENG,JIAXIAOJULIJIAOYUAN,XUESHENGHUIJIACHIWUCANHENBUFANGBIAN。YINGYANGGAISHANJIHUARANGHAIZIMIANYUJIEHEYINGYANGBULIANG,YESHIJIAZHANGNENGTOURUGENGDUOSHIJIANGONGZUOYITIGAOJIATINGSHOURU。

SHOUZHUSHIPINANQUAN“HONGXIAN”,TUIDONGXINGCHENGQUANLIANTIAOJIANGUANJIZHI

123彩票YINGYANGGAISHANJIHUASHISHIYILAI,ZHONGYANGHEGEJIBUMENBUDUANQIANGHUAZHIDUJIANSHE,CHIXUWENDINGTOURU,QIESHIZHUAHAOSHIPINHEZIJIN“LIANGGEANQUAN”,QUEBAOYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUAWENTUOYOUXUSHISHI。2011—2019NIAN,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGLEIJIANPAIYINGYANGSHANSHIBUZHUZIJIN1472YIYUAN。

123彩票——WANSHANSHIPINZHILIANGANQUANJIANGUANJIZHI,LAOGUSHULISHIPINANQUAN“HONGXIAN”YISHI,BINGTIGAOZHONGXIAOXUESHITANG“MINGCHULIANGZAO”FUGAILV。

MEINIANXINXUEQIKAIXUEQIAN,YULONGXIANJIUHEZHONGXUEDOUHUIYAOQINGXUESHENGJIAZHANGCANJIASHICANDAHUI。“RANGDAJIADOUCANYUDAODUIXUEXIAOSHITANGDEJIANDUZHONGLAI,BAOZHENGGONGCANZHILIANG。”JIUHEZHONGXUEXIAOZHANGYANGSHISHENGSHUO。

123彩票WEIBAOZHANGGONGCANZHILIANG,XUEXIAOYUGONGCANQIYEQIANDINGLEZERENSHU,YAOQIUQIYEANZHAOXIEYIHETONGTIGONGFUHEYINGYANGBIAOZHUNDENIUNAI、JIDAN。“XIANYINGYANGBANZHIDINGLEYINGYANGCANANQUANSHIGUYINGJIYUAN,GEGEXIAOQUSHEZHIZHUANGANGJUTIFUZEDUISHIPINYUANLIAOCAIGOU、CANJUXIAODU、SHIPINZHUZANG、FENCANDENGHUANJIEKAIZHANJIANDUGUANLI,TONGSHIJIANLISHIPINLIUYANGJIANCEZHIDUJITAIZHANGGUANLIZHIDU,LIUYANGSHIJIANBUSHAOYU48XIAOSHI。”YULONGXIANJIAOTIJUFUJUZHANGLIUJIANMEIJIESHAO。

123彩票QUNIAN3YUEHE9YUE,YUNNANLIJIANGSHIGUCHENGQUDUIQUANQUZHONGXIAOXUESHITANGKAIZHANLE2CIQUANMIANZONGHEJIANCHA。QUSHICHANGJIANDUGUANLIJUZHIFARENYUANDUIXUEXIAOSHITANGDEYUANCAILIAOCAIGOUTAIZHANG、FANCAICHOUYANGJILU、SHIPINLIUTONGXUKEZHENG、CONGYERENYUANJIANKANGZHENGDENGXIANGGUANZILIAOJINXINGLEJIANCHA,DUIFAXIANDEWENTILIJIZHENGGAI。

——YANGELUOSHIZIJINGUANLIZHIDU,SHOUZHUZIJINANQUAN“DIXIAN”,QUEBAOGUOJIAYINGYANGSHANSHIBUZHU“MEIYIFENQIANDOUCHIDAOXUESHENGZUILI”。

“ZHEIXIEQIANSHIGUOJIAYONGLAIGAISHANXUESHENGSHENGHUODE,BIXUZHUANKUANZHUANYONG,MEIYIFENHUAXIAODOUDESHENZHONG。”WUDAQUANSHUO,XUEXIAOMEIZHOUDOUHUIJIESUANSHICAIFEIYONG,BINGDINGQIGONGSHI,XIAOGONGHUISUISHIJIANDU。SINANXIANJIAOYUJUCHENGLILEYINGYANGGAISHANLINGDAOXIAOZU,ZUZHIXIANFAGAIJU、SHIJIANJU、XUEXIAODENGDANWEIYIQI,DIAOYANGELEISHICAIDESHICHANGJIAGE,ZONGHEDINGJIA,BAOZHENGJIAGEZAIHELIFANWEIZHINEI。

“营养餐资金实行校财局管,学校校长见账不见钱。”毕节市七星关区教育科技局营养办工作人员葛娣介绍,营养改善计划由国家专项资金支持,根据上学天数、在校人数,按学期拨到区教育局,再跟中标的供菜公司直接对接。各校在每学期开学一周内据实上报学生数,同时公开公示营养餐资金的使用情况、带量食谱、享受营养餐学生姓名等,接受师生、家长监督。

去年8月到10月,教育部派员赴四川、云南等地,深入基层一线学校、供餐企业,对地方营养改善计划资金使用管理等情况进行排查整改。教育部教育督导局有关负责人表示,通过专项整治,各地粮油等大宗食品及原辅材料“四统一”招投标制度进一步规范,资金管理风险意识明显增强。目前,学校负责人陪餐制度和信息公示公开制度已得到完全落实,全过程、全链条监管态势基本形成。

JIANLIJIANQUANYINGYANGPEICANZHIDU,QUEBAORANGXUESHENGCHIBAOCHIHAO

两年前,福建尤溪县被列入省营养改善计划大宗食品及原辅材料“统一采购、集中配送、协同监管”试点县。“针对中小学生发育特点及对营养的不同需要,我们请省营养师协会的专业营养师制定带量带价食谱,每日及时配送新鲜的食材,确保学生营养均衡。”尤溪绿生商贸公司承担了采购、配送的任务,公司负责人陈义治介绍,目前已经与福州、厦门、尤溪等地的20多个种植基地、供应商对接,食材经过市场、供应商、绿生公司三道检测关口,合格之后才入库分拣并留样。

“YUCAIGOU、JINHUODENGHUANJIEBI,SHIPUDAPEIGENGSHIDAGONGCHENG。XIANZAIYOUXIANLIPINGTAITONGYIPEISONGSHICAI、DAPEIHAOSHIPU,XUEXIAOSHITANGKEYIBAGENGDUOJINGLIFANGZAIJINGXIHUAGUANLISHANGMIAN。”YOUXIWUZHONGCHUZHONGBUXUESHENGSHITANGGUANLIRENYUANHUANGNENGTANSHUO。

QUNIANNIANDI,JIAOYUBU、GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIDENGBUMENLIANHEYINFADE《GUANYUJINYIBUJIAQIANGNONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUXUESHENGYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUAYOUGUANGUANLIGONGZUODETONGZHI》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《TONGZHI》)ZHICHU,NONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUXUESHENGYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUASHISHIYILAI,YIXIEDIFANGRENGRANCUNZAIJIANKANGJIAOYUZHENDUIXINGBUQIANG、YINGYANGJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJIANCEPINGGUKAIZHANBUJISHIDENGWENTI,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGLEZHEIYIJIHUADESHISHIXIAOGUO。

123彩票“CONGDIAOYANQINGKUANGKAN,YUNYINGJINGFEITOURUHECONGYEDUIWUZHILIANGSHIJINYIBUTIGAOGONGCANZHILIANGDEHEXIN。”RENCHUNRONGSHUO,YUNYINGJINGFEIBUZU,RONGYIDAOZHICONGYERENYUANBUWENDING,NANYIGUDAOGAOSHUIPINGDECHUSHIJISHITANGYUANGONG,JINENGPEIXUNXIAOGUOYEBUTAILIXIANG。DADUOSHUDIQUMUQIANHAIZUOBUDAOGENJUDANGDIYINSHIXIGUAN、JIJIEBIANHUALAIZHIDINGHEDIAOZHENGXUEXIAOGONGCANSHIPU,YOUJIAOXUECHUSHENDESHITANGGUANLIYUANHECHUSHISHANGLIANGQUEDINGYIZHOUSHIPUDEQINGKUANGYIRANHENPUBIAN,YOUTIAOJIANPEIBEIYINGYANGSHIDEXUEXIAOHENSHAO。

DUICI,《TONGZHI》ZHUANMENTICHU“JIAQIANGYINGYANGJIANKANGJIAOYU”“ZUOHAOYINGYANGJIANKANGJIANCE”。YIFANGMIAN,YAOQIUGEDIJIAOYU、WEISHENGJIANKANGXINGZHENGBUMENJIAQIANGYINGYANGSHANSHIZHIDAO,JIADADUISHITANGCONGYERENYUANPEIXUNLIDU,JIANLIJIANQUANYINGYANGPEICANZHIDU;YUCITONGSHI,JINYIBUJIAQIANGXUESHENGYINGYANGJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJIANCEPINGGU,QIESHIZENGQIANGXUESHENGYINGYANGGAISHANGONGZUODEZHENDUIXING、YOUXIAOXING。

MUQIAN,YINGYANGCANFUGAIDUIXIANGZHUYAOANDIYUHUAFEN。RENCHUNRONGJIANYI,GENJUWOGUOGUOQING,JINYIBUTIGAOGONGCANZHILIANG,ZAIJIXULUOSHIHAO“4+X”(ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGBUTIE4YUAN,XUESHENGKEJIAONAYIDINGCANFEI)GONGCANMOSHIDEJICHUSHANG,HAIYINGSHISHICHAYIHUADEJIATINGBUZHUZHENGCE。“SUIZHEWOGUOFUPINGONGZUOJINGZHUNXINGDETIGAO,SHISHICHAYIHUABUZHUMOSHIYOULEYIDINGJICHU,BUZHUDUIXIANGDESHIBIEYINGCONGDIYUMUBIAOFAZHUANXIANGRENQUNMUBIAOFA,YOUXIANDUIJIANDANGLIKAJIATINGDEXUESHENGHEJIAOXUEDIANXUESHENGJIADABUZHULIDU,ZHUBUJIANLIFENJIFENLEIBUZHUZHIDU。”

就供餐标准而言,安徽金寨县农村义务教育学生营养改善计划工作领导组有关负责人坦言,随着物价和人工成本不断上涨,再加上处于生长发育阶段的孩子对食物的需求逐渐从“吃得饱”转为“吃得好”,原先每人每天4元的补助标准渐渐跟不上需求,有必要视情况作适当提升。

123彩票JIAOYUBUJIAOYUDUDAOJUYOUGUANFUZERENBIAOSHI,ZHENDUISHIPINJIAGEBODONGDUIGONGCANYUANLIAOCAIGOUDEYINGXIANG,MUQIANZHENGZAIJIJIHUITONGZHONGYANGYOUGUANBUMENTUIDONGGEDIJIEHEDANGDIJINGJIFAZHANSHIJIJIWUJIASHUIPING,ZAILUOSHIGUOJIASHANSHIBUZHUJICHUBIAOZHUNSHANG,JINYIBUWANSHANZHENGFU、JIATING、SHEHUILILIANGGONGTONGCHENGDANSHANSHIFEIYONGJIZHI,BINGTANSUOJIANLISHANSHIBUZHUBIAOZHUNDONGTAIDIAOZHENGJIZHI,QUEBAORANGXUESHENGCHIBAO、CHIHAO。

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