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山竹种植技术视频

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-06-04  浏览次数:849148
内容摘要:山竹原产于东南亚,一般种植10年才开始结果,对环境要求非常严格,与榴莲齐名,号称果中皇后,在亚洲和非洲热带地区广泛栽培,我
 山竹原产于东南亚,一般种植10年才开始结果,对环境要求非常严格,与榴莲齐名,号称“果中皇后”,在亚洲和非洲热带地区广泛栽培,我国台湾、福建、广东云南也有引种或试种,下面我们就一起来看一看山竹的种植技术吧!

 

山竹种植技术视频

山竹种植条件

SHANZHUSHIDUONIANSHENGJINGJISHUZHONG,YUQITAGUOSHUYIYANG,DINGZHIHOUXUJINGSHUNIANCAINENGKAISHISHOUYI,QIEYIDANDINGZHI,YUANDIDEZIRANHUANJINGJIANGYINGXIANGGUOSHUDESHENGZHANGYUCHANLIANGSHUSHINIAN。SUOYIYUANDIDEXUANZEYIDINGYAOJINSHEN,XUZONGHEKAOLVSHIYISHANZHUSHENGZHANGDEDIXINGDIMAO、TURANGHUANJINGZHUANGKUANGJIQIHOUTIAOJIANDENGYINSU。

1、地形条件:山竹园地应选择在海南123彩票南部地区(陵水、三亚、保亭、乐东和五指山南部)天然屏障较好,坡度小于20。的半山坡、缓坡地及平地种植,并且园地应集中连片,以方便管理。园地土层深厚,土壤肥沃,土壤结构良好,pH值5-6之间,地下水位0.5m以下。园地应排灌方便,最好具有满足灌溉的稳定水源。

2、TURANGTIAOJIAN:SHANZHUSHIYIZAIDUOZHONGLEIXINGDETURANGSHANGSHENGZHANG,DANBUNENGSHIYINGSHIHUIZHITURANG、SHAZHICHONGJITUJIFUZHIZHIDIDESHATU。REDAIDIQU,TOUQI、SHENHOU、PAISHUIHAO、WEISUAN、FUHANYOUJIZHIDENIANRANGTUHERANGTUZUISHIHESHANZHUDESHENGZHANG。

3、QIHOUTIAOJIAN:SHANZHUSHIDIANXINGDEREDAIYULINXINGGUOSHU,ZAI25-35℃、XIANGDUISHIDU80%DEHUANJINGXIAKEYISHENGZHANGWANGSHENG,20-25℃DEWENDUFANWEIYENENGMANZUSHANZHUSHENGZHANGDEJIBENYAOQIU。DANSHI,DANGWENDUJIANGDAO20℃YIXIASHI,SHANZHUSHENGZHANGHUISHOUDAOMINGXIANDEYIZHI;DANGWENDUZHANGQIDIYU5℃HUOGAOYU40%SHI,HUIYINQISHANZHUZHIZHUDESIWANG。SHANZHUKUAISUSHENGZHANGSHIDUISHUIFENDEXUQIUJIAODA,REDAIDIQUNIANJIANGYULIANGZAI1300-2500mmJIUNENGMANZUQIWANGSHENGSHENGZHANG;NIANNEIJIANGYULIANGFENBUDEJUNYUNCHENGDUYEHUIYINGXIANGSHANZHUDESHENGZHANGSULV,YIBANJUNYUNFENBUDEJIANGYULIANGGENGYOULIYUSHANZHUDEKUAISUSHENGZHANG。SHANZHUZAOQISHENGZHANGXUYAORUOGUANGHUANJING,YINBIDU40%-75%ZUISHIYISHANZHUDESHENGZHANG。ZHIJIEGUANGZHAOXIA,SHANZHUDEYEPIAN,TEBIESHIXINCHOUSHENGDEYEPIAN,RONGYISHOUQIANGGUANGZHAOSHEERZHUOSHANG。

山竹种植技术视频

山竹繁殖方法

123彩票SHANZHUDEZHONGZISHIDANXINGFANZHIDE,WEIWUXINGFANZHI。ZHUYAOFANGFAYOUQIANCHAFA、JIAJIEFA、YATIAOFA、FENZHUFA。ZAICHUNXIAQIUDONGDOUKEYIJINXINGYIZAI。

1、QIANCHAFANZHI:JIANQUHUAHUIDE、JING、YECHARUMIAOCHUANGZHONG,SHIQISHENGZHANGWEIYIKEWANZHENGDEZHIZHU,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIJIAOQIANCHA。YONGZUOQIANCHADECAILIAO(GEN、JING、YE),JIAOZUOCHASUI。

2、JIAJIEFANZHI:BAYIGEZHIWUTIDEYAHUOZHI,JIEZAILINGYIZHUZHIWUTISHANG,SHILIANGBUFENZHANGCHENGYIZHUWANZHENGDEZHIWUTI。JIESHANGDEYAHUOZHIYEJIAOJIESUI,BEIJIEDEZHIWUTIJIAOZHENMU。

3、YATIAOFANZHI:LIYONGMUZHUZHITIAOYARUTUNEI,CAIQUYIDINGDEFANGFA,SHIQISHENGGEN,CONGERDEDAOXINDEZHIZHUDEFANGFAJIAOYATIAO。RUTIEGENGHAITANG、JIAZHUTAO、MUZHUZHITIAODUOERZHANG,YARUTUZHONGYOUYOUSHENGGEN,YINCI,DUOCAIYONGYATIAOFANZHI。YATIAOFACAOZUOFANGBIAN,YAHOUBUXUYAOTESHUDEGUANLI,CHENGSHAOLVGAO,YINCI,TASHIMUBENHUAHUICHANGYONGDEYIZHONGFANZHIFANGFA。

4、FENZHUFANZHI:FENZHUFANZHISHIBAHUAHUIZHIZHUDENIEYA、QIUJING、GENJING、PUFUJINGDENG,CONGMUZHUSHANGFENGEXIALAI,LINGXINGZAIZHIERCHENGDULIXINZHUDEFANGFA。FENZHUFAFENWEIQUANFENFAHEBANFENFALIANGZHONG。

山竹种植技术视频

山竹园地建设

1、YUANNEISHESHIJIANSHE:BAOKUODAOLU、OUFEICHI、CHOUSHUIFANGHEGUANLIFANGDENGGUIHUASHEZHI。DAOLUBAOKUOZHULUHEZUOYELU。ZHULUYIBANKUAN3m,ZHULUSHANGKEXINGSHIQICHEHUODAXINGTUOLAJI,ZAISHIDANGWEIZHIJIAKUANZHI10mYIBIANHUICHE;WEILEFANGBIANXIAOQURICHANGZUOYE,SHEZHICONGZHULUTONGXIANGGEGEXIAOQUDEZHILU(ZUOYELUKUAN1.2m)。ZAIYUANQUNEIDEZHULUHEZUOYELUYAOXINGCHENGDAOLUWANG。ZHULUXIUCHENGHOU20cmDESHUINIJIAOZHULU,ZUOYELUXIUCHENGELUANSHISHUINILUMIAN。FENCHIHEOUFEIKENGYINGSHEZAIGEQULUBIAN,YIBIANYUNSONGFEILIAO。YIBAN0.7-1hm2SHANZHUYUANYINGSHEZHI1KOUFENCHIHUOOUFEIKENG,KEJIXU25-30tDEFEILIAO,GONGSHANZHUYICISHIFEIYONGLIANG。GUANLIFANGBAOKUOCANGKU、BAOZHUANGCHANGHENONGJUJIANDENG,YINGZUNXUNBIANYUGUANLIDEYUANZESHEZHI。

2、PAIGUANXITONGSHEZHI

123彩票①GUANGAIXITONG:WEILEBAOZHENGSHANZHUSHENGZHANGSUOXUDESHUIFEN,YAOYINDIZHIYIDELIYONGHEGOUSHANQUAN、ZIDASHUIJING、SHANTANGSHUIKUXUSHUIYINSHUIDENGGUANGAIPEITAOGONGCHENG,BINGZAIGUOYUANGAOCHUZIJIANXUSHUICHIYONGYUHANJIXUSHUIHUOGUOYUANZIYAPENGUAN。XUSHUICHIDEDAXIAOYINGGENJUMEIZHUGUOSHUXUSHUILIANGLAIJIANSHE。

123彩票②PAISHUIXITONG:HAINANNANBUDIQUNIANJIANGYULIANGJIAODA,XIAQIUJIJIETAIFENGPINFAN,QIANGDUILIUYUPINFA,JIANGYUQIANGDUDA。YINCI,GUOYUANGUIHUAYAOTIQIANZUOHAOPAISHUIBAOTUXITONGDESHEZHI。

③ZUHONGGOU:GUOYUANSHANGFANGSHANDI,BAOYUSHIJIJIDALIANGYUSHUIXIANGXIALIU,YIYINQICHONGSHUA。YIZAIYUANDIWAIWEISHANGFANGSHEZHIHUANSHANZUHONGGOU,QIEDUANSHANDINGJINGLIU,FANGZHISHANHONGCHONGRENGUOYUAN,YEKEYIJIANZUOHUANSHANXUSHUIGUANGAIQU。HUANSHANGOUDEDAXIAOYUSHENQIANSHISHANGFANGJISHUIMIANJIERDING。HUANSHANGOUYINGYUSHANTANGLIANJIE,JIANGDUOYUDESHUISHOUJIYONGYUGUANGAISHUIYUAN。

④PAISHUIGOU:GUOYUANYINGYOUZONGXIANGPAISHUIGOUHEHENGXIANGSHUIGOU,PAICHUYUANDIJISHUI。JINLIANGLIYONGTIANRANDIDIZUOWEIZONGXIANGPAISHUIGOU,HUOZAITIANJIANDAOLUPANGBIANSHEZONGXIANGPAISHUIGOU,PAISHUIGOUSHEN、KUANYUE20-30cm。HENGXIANGPAISHUIGOUSHEZAITITIANNEICEGOU,QIEMEIYITIJIHUANSHANJIANGE2ZHUZUOYITUGENG,XIAOCHUTIJINEIDUOYUJISHUIHEJIXUYUSHUI,FANGZHICHONGSHUAYANZHANGGUOYUANSHIRUNSHIJIAN。

123彩票3、SHEFANGFENGLINDAI:WEILEJIANSHAOTAIFENGWEIHAI,JIANGDICHANGFENGFENGSU,TIGAOYUANDISHIDU,YINGZAIYUANQUYINGZAOFANGHULINDAI。FANGHULINDELEIXINGYIBANXUANZETOUFENGJIEGOULINDAI,KEYIXUANZETAIWANXIANGSIHUOMAZHAN。

山竹种植技术视频

山竹种植技术

1、KAIXUEYUSHIJIFEI:DINGZHIXUEXUTIQIAN1GEYUEWAHAO,DINGZHIXUEDEDAXIAOYIBANWEI60cm×60cm×60cm。XUETUBIAOCENGTUYUDICENGTUFENBIEFANGZHI。MEIGEDINGZHIXUESHI15kgFUSHUDEYOUJIFEIHE0.5kgGAIMEILINFEI。SHIJIFEISHIXIANJIANGBIAOTUTIANRUXUEZHONG,ZAIJIANGYOUJIFEI、GAIMEILINFEIYUDICENGXUETUJIAOBANJUNYUNHUNHECHENGFEITUBEIYONG。DINGZHISHIJIANYIBANZAI5-11YUE,ZAIYINTIANDEXIAWUJIAOHAO,YIBIMIANSHANZHUXIAOMIAOSHOUDAOTAIYANGGUANGZHUOSHANG。

2、XIAOMIAODINGZHI:XUANZESHISHENGMIAO,HUOZHEJIAJIEMIAODINGZHIDOUKEYI。ZAIMIAOQIANQUDIAOBINGCHONGZHIYEJICANYE,ZAIJIANQUYIXIEGUODUODEYEPIAN,BIMIANZHENGFALIANGDA,SHISHUIGUODUO。ZHONGZHISHI,XIANJIANGHUNYUNDEFEITUTIANRUXUEZHONGZHI40cm,RANHOUQUDIAOZHONGMIAOYINGYANGDAI,FANGRUXUEZHONG,ZHONGMIAODEZHICHENGGUNBUBIBACHULAI,DAIGUNYIQIZAIMIAO,FAHUIFANGFENGDEZUOYONG。JIEZHEHUITIANFEITU,YONGJIAOCAISHIHOULINZUDINGGENSHUI。SHANZHUDINGZHIDEZHUXINGJUGUIGEYIBANWEI4m×6m,ZHONGZHIMIDUWEIMEIMU28ZHUZUOYOU。DIXINGPINGTAN、TURANGFEIWODEYUANDIMIDUKEJIANSHAOZHI22ZHU/MU。

3、ZHEYIN:SHANZHUMIAOSHENGZHANGXUYAORUOGUANGZHAOTIAOJIAN,FOUZEYISHAISHANGZHIYE,YINCIYAODUIMIAOJINXINGYOUXIAODEZHEYIN。ZAISHANZHUSIZHOUDAZHUANG,YONGMUGUN、ZHUGANHUOPVCGUANZUOWEIZHIJIACAILIAO,ZAIYONGTOUGUANGLV(ZHEYINDU)WEI90%DEZHEYANGWANGGUDINGZAIFANGXINGZHIJIASHANG,DACHENGFANGXINGZHEYANGPENGZHEDANGYANGGUANG。

123彩票4、GENQUFUGAI:SHANZHUMIAODINGZHIHOUDUIQIGENQUFUGAI,KEYITIGAOCHENGHUOLV。KEYILIYONGYUANQUNEISHENGZHANGDETIEMANGJIFUGAIGENQU,JINENGYOUXIAOBAOCHIGENQUTURANGSHIRUN,HAINENGZENGJIAGENQUTURANGYOUJIZHI,YIJIYIZHIZACAOSHENGZHANG。YIBANCONGSHUGANXIANGWAIZHIDAOSHUGUANDISHUIXIANNEIDE30cmFANWEINEIBAOCHIFUGAI。GENQUFUGAIDUIBAOZHENGSHANZHUJIANZHUANGSHENGZHANGSHIYONGYOUXIAO。

5、FEISHUIGUANLI

123彩票①DINGZHIHOUDIYINIANDEFEISHUIGUANLI:DIYINIANDEYOULINGSHUCHENGHUOSHIHAIZAIHANJI,XUYAOSHI1CINIAOSUSHUIFEI,KEJIEHELINSHUIJINXING。MEIZHUSHIYONGLIANG100mL,NONGDU2%,CUJINSHANZHUXIAOMIAOSHENGZHANG。YUJICHUQI,SHI1CIYOUJIFEIJIAGAIMEILINFEI。MEIKESHUYONG10kgZUOYOUYOUJIFEI,HUNHE0.25kgDEGAIMEILINFEI。ZAIZHIZHULIANGCEKAIXUE,SASHI。HUITUSHIXIANJIANGBIAOTUTIANDAOGENXIFENBUCENG,DITUYUYOUJIFEIHUNYUNHOUYAZAIZHONG、BIAOCENG。YUJIQIJIAN,SHIFEI2-4CI。YONGDANLINJIABILIWEI15:15:15DESANYUANFUHEFEI,ZAIYOUSHULIANGCEKAIGOUSASHI,DONGXIHENANBEILIANGCEYICILUNHUANSHIFEI。MEIKEYOUSHUFUHEFEIYONGLIANGGONGWEI0.2kg,SHIFEIWANHOUJISHIFUTU。

②DINGZHIHOUDIERNIANDESHIFEIGUANLI:DIERNIANSHIFEIDEGUILVHEFEILIAODEZHONGLEIYUDIYINIANYIYANG。BUTONGDESHISHIFEILIANGFASHENGLEBIANHUA。HANJI,YONGNIAOSURONGCHENG2%DESHUIFEI,GONGSHIYONG2CI,MEICIMEIKESHU100mL。YUJICHUQI,YOUJIFEIDEYONGLIANGWEI10kg,GAIMEILINFEIDEYONGLIANGWEI0.25kg,DANLINJIAFUHEFEIDEYONGLIANGZENGJIADAO0.25kg。

③DINGZHIHOUDISANNIANDESHIFEIGUANLI:DISANNIAN,HANJI,YONGSUXIAODANFEIRONGCHENGSHUIFEISHI,DANFEIDEYONGLIANGZENGJIADAOMEIKESHUSHIYONG2%DENIAOSU2CI,MEICI150mL,GONG300mL。YUJICHUQI,YOUJIFEIDEYONGLIANG15kg,GAIMEILINFEIDEYONGLIANG0.4kg。YUJIQIWEN,DANLINJIAFUHEFEIDEYONGLIANGZENGJIADAO0.3kg。

④DINGZHIHOU4-6NIANDESHIFEIGUANLI:4-6LINGDESHANZHU,YISHIYONGYOUJIFEIYUNUOWEISANYUANFUHEFEIWEIZHU,CHONGZUHELIDEFEILIAOGONGJI,JIANGYOULIYUSHANZHUJINZAOJINRUJIEGUOQI。YUJICHUQI,JIEHEKUOXUEGAITU,MEIKESHUSHIYOUJIFEI15kg,ZAIJIARU0.2kgGAIMEILINFEI。YUJIFENBIEZAI5-9YUEQIJIAN,KAIQIANGOUSASHI。SHIYONGDANLINJIABILIWEI15:15:15DESANYUANFUHEFEI3CI。MEIKEYOUSHUMEICISHIFEILIANGWEI0.1kg。YUJIJIESHUQIANHOU,ZAI11-12YUEZAIYONGGOUSHIFA,SHIYONG1CISANYUANFUHEFEI,ZHUSHI0.2kgZUOYOU。

山竹种植技术视频

山竹病虫防治

123彩票SHANZHUYEPIANGEZHI,QIEZHIYEFUHANTENGHUANGJIAO,HENSHAOFASHENGYANZHONGDEBINGCHONGHAI,OUERHUIYOUYACHONG、FENJIE、JIMA、LIZHICHUNQINGWEIWEIHAISHANZHUYOUNENDEYEPIAN、ZHISHAO、YOUGUO,DANWEIHAIDOUBUDA,JIBENBUYONGPENYAOFANGZHI。

1、1-3、5-7、8-11YUE,SHANZHUCHOUSHENGXINSHAOSHI,BUFENSHANZHUZHIZHUSHANGOUJIANYACHONGZAINENYEBEIMIANXIQUZHIYE,YINQIJUANYE。CHONGKOUSHULIANGYIBANBUDA,RUYANZHONGQINXI,KEYONG50%PIYAWUKESHIXINGFENJI1000-1500BEIYEYEMIANPENSHI,SHIYAOJIANGE7-10TIAN,SHIYAOCISHUWEI2-3CI,YEPIANLAOHUAHOUJIAOSHAOJIANWEIHAI。

123彩票2、3-6YUESHIOUERYOUJIMA、LIZHICHUNCIXISHANZHUYOUGUO、NENYE,XINGCHENGHESEBANDIAN,YEHUIYOUFABINGJUNRUQIN。ZAIGUOPIHUOYEPIANBIAOPISHANGXINGCHENGBINGBAN,YANZHONGSHIHUIYINQIGUOSHINEIBULIUJIAO,GUOROUBIANYINGSANGSHISHIYONGJIAZHI。KEYU3-4YUE,PENSHI90%DIBAICHONG800BEIHUO40%LEGUO1000BEIYE,PENYAOCISHU2-3CI,MEICIJIANGE7-10TIAN。

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