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中国农膜产业市场 未来巨大潜力竞争地

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2015-01-19  来源:中国农村网  浏览次数:865822
内容摘要:统计显示,去年全国规模以上农膜企业的产量实现187.4万吨,同比增长13.6%。同时,农膜产品的应用面积继续扩大,据农业部门统计,
      统计显示,去年全国规模以上农膜企业的产量实现187.4万吨,同比增长13.6%。同时,农膜产品的应用面积继续扩大,据农业部门统计,2011~2012年度全国农膜的购买量达240万吨。其中棚膜约110万吨,覆盖面积达5800万亩;地膜131万吨,覆盖面积达3.73亿亩。这些数据,有力地向我们证明了一点,那就是农膜产业市场前景广阔,但如何发展好这个产业,还真需要下一番功夫。

农膜产业潜力大

农膜行业快速发展对提高土地产出率、增强农业抗灾能力、实现农业稳产高产、促进种植业结构优化、增强农产品有效供给、提高农民收入做出了巨大贡献,这对于我国可耕地少、自然条件差的状况有着更加重要的意义。

JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAHENONGYEXIANDAIHUABUFADEJIAKUAI,NONGMOFAZHANKONGJIANYUELAIYUEDA。ERSUIZHE“SHENGTAIGAOZHINONGYE”(JIUSHICHONGFENYINGYONGXIANDAIJIWEILAIXINNENGYUAN、XINCAILIAO、XINZHUANGBEIYIJIXINXINXI、XINSHENGWUJISHUDENGWUZHUANGQILAIDENONGYEGAOXINJISHUTIXIJISHENGCHANMOSHI)DEXINMUBIAOTICHU,ZHEIDUINONGMOYETICHULEGENGXINGENGGAOYAOQIU,ZHEIYESHIYIGEZHONGDAFAZHANJIYU。

现代农业对农膜提出新要求

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123彩票DANZAIKANDAOXINGYECHENGJI、YOUSHIHEGUANGMINGQIANJINGDETONGSHI,YEYINGQINGXINGDIRENSHIDAOCHANYECUNZAIDEWENTIYUBUZU。YISHIZONGTIJISHU、GUANLISHUIPINGYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBIHAIYOUJIAODAJULI;ERSHISHENGCHANJIZHONGDUDI,CHANNENGGUOSHENG,ZHONGGAODANG、GONGNENGXINGNONGMOBILIPIANDI,CONGERYINFAWUXUJINGZHENG,SHICHANGHUNLUAN;SANSHIPINZHONG、ZHILIANG、GONGNENGHAIBUNENGWANQUANMANZUXIANDAIHUANONGYEZAIPEIJISHUHEGUOJIADEYOUZHIGAOXIAO、HUANBAOHEZIYUANJIEYUEDEYAOQIU。

发展农膜要注意两个问题

YANFAYINGMIAOZHUN“GONGNENGHUA”FANGXIANGJIXUFAZHANJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDE、NONGMINHUANYINGDEGONGNENGXINGNONGMOCHANPIN,BINGTIGAOQITUIGUANGYINGYONG。NULITIGAOGONGNENGXINGNONGMOZAINONGMOCHANPINZONGLIANGZHONGDEBILI,JIADAZHUANYONGMODEKAIFAYUSHIYONG。

123彩票PENGMOXIANGZHANGSHOU、LIUDIXIAOWUDENGGONGNENGYUSHOUMINGTONGBUFAZHAN。PUJITUIGUANGGONGNENGYUSHOUMINGTONGBUDETUFUXINGLIUDI、BAOWENPENGMO;YANJIU、WANSHAN、TUIGUANGGENGSHIHEJIANGRIGUANGZHONGDUIZUOWUYOUHAIDEZIWAIGUANG、DUIGUANGHEZUOYONGWUYONGDELVGUANGZHUANHUACHENGZHIWUGUANGHEZUOYONGSUOXUYAODEHONGGUANG、LANZIGUANGDENGGUANGSHENGTAIMOCHANPIN。

地膜向实现农业的环境保护和清洁生产方向努力,要继续加大功能膜的开发和新材料开发应用。一方面,发展、普及长寿、流滴除草、增温、防虫等功能性地膜,保证春覆和秋覆膜使用仍能回收。甘肃部分企业生产的使用时间长达18个月的耐老化、银黑等可回收地膜,就很受欢迎,河南银丰塑料有限公司银黑双色生物降解地膜开发应用也取得较好成绩并获得塑协优秀成果奖。另一方面,加快新型树脂如改性pet耐老化地膜开发研制与应用。特别要加快完全生物降解地膜农田实验进度。

技术要有新突破为推动塑料加工业技术进步和科技创新,中塑协曾明确了塑料加工业“功能化、轻量化、微成型”发展趋势和方向。目前农膜行业发展中急待解决的八个方面问题,如可降解塑料聚乳酸改性;高透明功能与寿命同步薄膜及高性能节水器材产业化;长效光生态、光转换农膜生产技术;生物基塑料加工及装备关键技术;废旧地膜回收与高值化利用;长效流滴消雾农用功能棚膜及聚合物基纳米复合涂液推广;农用功能性覆盖材料的功效延长技术及应用;农膜增薄涂层涂布装置技术研究等。

123彩票YAOBAJIEJUENONGMOBIAOMIANZIJIE,SHIQIBAOCHIJIAOZHANGSHIJIANTOUGUANGLVZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWU。TEBIESHIGONGNENGYUSHOUMINGTONGBUBOMOKAIFACHENGGONGHOU,YOUYUZIRANHUANJINGYINGXIANG,ZHEIZHONGZHANGSHOUGONGNENGMOGENGXUJIEJUEBIAOMIANZIJIE。YINCIJIAKUAIXINXINGSHUZHI、NAMIJI、BAOWENJI、KANGJINGDIANJIDEYANJIUKAIFA,TONGSHIJIAQIANGDUIBOMOBIAOMIANJINXINGZIJIECHULI,XUZAIJISHUKEXINGHEDICHENGBENZHIJIANJINXINGJIANNANXUANZE。

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YAOJIAQIANGGAODUANPENGMODEYANFALIDU,JIADAZAIXIANTUFUpoMO、DUOGONGNENGFUHEMODETUIGUANGYINGYONG。GAODUANNONGMOSHICHANGQIANJINGGUANGKUO,SHINONGMOXINGYEGAODUANHUAZHANLVEDEZHONGYAOLINGYU,YESHIWEILAINONGMOYIGEZHONGYAOFAZHANFANGXIANG。

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目前农膜的分类

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ZHANGSHOUBOMOWEISHIBOMONAILAOHUA、YIHUISHOU,ZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGJIARUFANGLAOHUAJI,KESHIBOMODESHOUMINGYANZHANG2~4BEI。DIMOZAIJIEMOHOURENGYOUYIDINGQIANGDU,HUISHOUHOURENGKESHIYONG,JIJIANGDICHENGBEN,YOUKEJIANSHAOTIANJIANDECANMOLIANG。

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农民急盼的几种新型农膜

杀草农膜在使用普通农膜的过程中,农民普遍遇到的难题就是膜内除草的问题。比普通农膜增加了除草功效的杀草农膜使用起来十分方便、省工、省药、保温、保湿、透光好,并能有效地解决膜内除草的问题。目前,杀草农膜已在国内一些农村开始试用。

123彩票YIFULANNONGMOFEIJIUNONGMOBUYIFULAN,YICHENGWEIGUANGDANONGCUNDEYIZHONGGONGHAI。YINCI,NONGMINPANWANGSHENGCHANCHANGJIAJINKUAISHENGCHANCHUYIFUDEXINXINGNONGMO。

123彩票KANGHANKANGLAOHUANONGMONONGMINXIANZAISHIYONGDEPUTONGNONGMOBUKANGHAN,YEBUKANGLAOHUA,YILIEKOU,SHOUMINGZHIYOUYINIAN。JULEJIE,MUQIANWOGUOSHENGCHANDEKANGHAN、KANGLAOHUANONGMOCHANLIANGJINZHANNONGMOZONGCHANLIANGDEWANFENZHIERSHI,YUNONGMINXUQIUXIANGCHASHENYUAN。XIANZAINONGHUJIXUGAOTOUGUANG、GAOBAOWENBAOSHI、KANGHANNAILAOHUA、ZHANGXIAODUOGONGNENGDEXINXINGNONGMO。

123彩票YOUSENONGMOBUTONGYANSENONGMODUIGUANGDEXISHOU、ZHESHEBUTONG,DUIGELEINONGZUOWUDEYINGXIANGYEBUTONG,QIJINGJIXIAOYIXIANGCHAHENDA。RUFUGAIHONGSENONGMODEXIHONGSHIHEHUANGGUADECHANLIANGJIUHUIYOUSUOZENGJIA。YINCI,NONGMINJIPANYOUGUANCHANGJIASHENGCHANCHUDUOZHONGYOUSENONGMO,YISHIYINGNONGYEBUTONGNONGZUOWUDEXUYAO。

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